Chart of the Month September: Residential Project Area Continues to Decline
The insolvencies of large and small project developers illustrate the extremely tense market situation. And the number of residential projects planned and under construction is falling - most sharply in the metropolises, of all places, where the housing shortage is greatest.
We have been monitoring the market for project developments for many years. For a current analysis, projects completed since 2020 as well as projects under construction and in planning with a realisation horizon of 2027 from a size of 1,500 sqm of residential or rental space were evaluated and the changes as of 30.6.23 compared to 31.12.22 were documented.
The residential segment accounts for by far the most development and construction activities with a share of 37 % of the total project volume. With 69 million sqm of living space, residential is the most important type of use.
The project development volume in Germany is declining overall. Residential project developments are being hit hard. The chart of the month shows that it is mainly A-cities that are affected. But: The decline there is not a new phenomenon, but has been evident for several years. Even before Corona and the current crisis, high land prices and construction costs as well as long planning and approval procedures led to a shift to smaller cities or to the outskirts of the metropolises. The most recent increase was in the volume of residential project developments in the A-cities in 2019.
Currently, various factors are slowing down new construction across the board, which can also be clearly seen in the construction starts: in 2023, the decline compared to 2021/22 is as much as 54 %. On the one hand, condominiums are more difficult to market due to higher interest rates. On the other hand, cost and income calculations no longer add up. In new construction, rents will continue to rise, probably even at a higher rate than forecast due to the shortage and higher demand from former buyers. Without acceleration and simplification of the procedures and at least temporary financial support for housing construction, for example through the planned declining balance depreciation of buildings, the shortage problem cannot be solved in the short term.
Further informations (in german language): „Marktblick: Developments“.